Whereas, the Jammu and Kashmir Services Selection Board (JKSSB) conducted
Computer Based Written Test (CBT) for the posts of Sub Inspector, Home Department, UT
Cadre, advertised vide Advertisement Notification No. 06 of 2021, under item No. 668, from 07-
12-2022 to 20-12-2022; and
Whereas, the final answer key in respect of CBT examinations for the said posts was
finalized and notified vide No. JKSSB-COE0EXAM(UD/54/2022-03 (7057013), dated: 03-11-
2023; and
Whereas, in terms . of S.O. 290 of 2021 dated: 20-08-2021 issued by the Home
Department, J&K Government and in pursuance of addendum to Advertisement Notification No.
06 of 2021 dated: 21-10-2021, issued vide No. SSB/Secy/Advt. No./2021/7527-42 dated: 05-
11-2021, the candid~tes possessing National Cadet Corps (NCC) certificates shall be awarded
· additional marks at the following scale:-
a. 5% of the maximum marks of the examination for NCC “C” certificate holders.
b. 3% of the maximum marks of the examination for NCC ”B” certificate holders.
c. 2% of the maximum marks of the examination for NCC ‘}1 “certificate holders.
· Whereas, some candidates approached the Hon’ble Central Administrative Tribunal,
· Jammu Bench through the medium of O.A./1855/2021, titled Vikram Kumar & Others V/s Union
of Territory of J&K & Others, with the plea to direct the respondents to prescribed the upperage limit as 33 years for recruitment to the post of Sub-Inspectors, advertised by J&K Services
Selection Board vide Advertisement Notification No. 06 of 2021, dated: 21-10-2021; and
Whereas, the Hon’ble Central Administrative Tribunal, while considering the matter on
· 17/12/2021 directed as under:
•~ .. Meanwhile the application forms of the applicants be accepted provided the last date
for accepting the forms, asper submission of the leamecl counsel for the applicants, is 18-12-
2021 and thereafter, the applicants to be permitted to participate in the selection process at
their own .cost and risk.
However, the result of the applicants shall not be declared till further orders from the
Tribunal. .. “
Whereas, in compliance to the above referred directions of the Hon’ble Tribunal, the
result of such applicants is kept withheld till further orders of the Hon’ble CAT/disposal of the
OAs; and
Now, therefore, in view of the above, the result/scoresheet, based on the performance
of candidates who appeared in the Computer Based Written Test (CBD for the posts of Sub
Inspector, UT Cadre, advertised vide Advertisement Notification No. 06 of 2021, under Item No.
668, on 07-12-2022 to 20-12-2022, except in whose cases Hon’ble Tribunal has issued above
orders, is hereby notified as Annexure “A”. The score/result in respect of candidates figuring
in Annexure “B” has been withheld by the Board.
It is further notified that:
i. mere figuring in the result/scoresheet shall not entitle a candidate to be shortlisted
for further stages of selection and that he/she has to fulfil other eligibility conditions,
as laid down and decision of the Board in this regard shall be final.
ii. the Jammu & Kashmir Services Selection Board (JKSSB) will call candidates falling in
the consideration zone, based on the merit obtained by them, for Physical Standard
Test / Physical Endurance Test, the schedule for which shall be notified separately.
iii. The additional marks awarded to the candidates claiming to possess the NCC
certificates shall be subject to verification.



In pursuance of government order no 1236-JK(GAD) of 2023, dated 12.10.2023, the following offices are deployed as observers at the examination Centre(s) as indicated against each, for conduct of Jammu and Kashmir combined competitive (preliminary) examination – 2023, scheduled to be held on 15.10.2023 (Sunday) in two sessions from 10:00 (AM) to 12:00 (Noon) and 02:00 (PM) to 04:00(PM).

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Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services(Judicial) preliminary Examination 2023 – declaration of result thereof.

On the basis of the Jammu and Kashmir civil services (judicial) preliminary examination 2023, which was held on 8.10.2023, the candidates with the roll numbers to this notification, are hereby declared to have qualified for the admission to the Jammu and Kashmir civil services(judicial) mains examination 2023.

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Download complete list


Hamas, short for the Islamic Resistance Movement, is a Palestinian political and military organization that plays a significant role in the Israel-Palestine conflict. It was founded in 1987 during the First Intifada (Palestinian uprising) against Israeli rule in the occupied territories.

Key points about Hamas:

  1. Ideology: Hamas is a Palestinian Islamist organization with a political and military wing. Its ideology is rooted in Islam and resistance to Israeli occupation. It aims to establish an Islamic state in historic Palestine.
  2. Founding and Leadership: Sheikh Ahmed Yassin and other Palestinian leaders founded Hamas as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood. After Yassin’s assassination in 2004, Khaled Mashal became the organization’s leader.
  3. Political Activities: Hamas is known for its political activities, particularly its participation in the Palestinian legislative elections. In 2006, it won a majority in the Palestinian Legislative Council elections, leading to tensions with the Palestinian Authority (led by Fatah) and eventually the division of the Palestinian territories into Hamas-controlled Gaza and Fatah-controlled West Bank.
  4. Armed Wing: The military wing of Hamas, known as the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, has been involved in armed resistance against Israeli forces and civilians. This has included rocket attacks on Israeli towns, suicide bombings, and clashes with Israeli troops.
  5. Relations with Israel: Hamas does not recognize the state of Israel and is considered a terrorist organization by Israel, the United States, the European Union, and other countries. Its refusal to renounce violence and recognize Israel’s right to exist has been a major obstacle to peace negotiations.
  6. Gaza Strip: Since 2007, Hamas has controlled the Gaza Strip, following a violent conflict with Fatah. The international community has imposed a blockade on Gaza in response to Hamas’s rule, which has had significant humanitarian implications for the population in the area.
  7. Ceasefires and Conflicts: Over the years, Hamas has been involved in numerous conflicts and ceasefires with Israel, resulting in periods of relative calm and escalations of violence.
  8. Social Services: In addition to its political and military activities, Hamas has provided social services to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, including education, healthcare, and welfare programs.

Hamas’s role in the Israel-Palestine conflict is complex and controversial. Some view it as a resistance movement defending Palestinian rights, while others consider it a terrorist organization responsible for violence against Israeli civilians. The status of Hamas and its relations with other Palestinian factions, such as Fatah, continue to be key factors in the efforts to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict.

Israel and Palestine conflict

The Israel-Palestine conflict is a long-standing and deeply rooted dispute between Israelis and Palestinians over issues such as territory, borders, security, and sovereignty. The conflict has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when Jewish and Arab national movements emerged in the region, then known as Palestine, which was under Ottoman rule.

Israel flag with a view of old city Jerusalem and the KOTEL- Western wall

Key points in the Israel-Palestine conflict:

  1. Historical Background:
    • Jewish immigration to Palestine increased significantly in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, leading to tensions with the Arab population.
    • After World War I, the League of Nations granted Britain a mandate to govern Palestine. During this period, Jewish immigration continued to rise.
    • The United Nations approved the partition plan in 1947, which recommended the division of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states, along with an international administration for Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish leadership but rejected by the Arab states.
  2. Creation of Israel:
    • On May 14, 1948, Israel declared its independence, and neighboring Arab states launched a military intervention in response.
    • This conflict led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians, resulting in a complex and ongoing refugee issue.
  3. Wars and Conflicts:
    • The Israel-Palestine conflict has been marked by a series of wars, including the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Six-Day War (1967), and the Yom Kippur War (1973).
    • These conflicts have had significant political, territorial, and humanitarian consequences.
  4. Occupied Territories:
    • Israel has maintained control over various territories since the 1967 Six-Day War, including the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, which are considered occupied by the international community.
    • The status of these territories, Israeli settlements, and the rights of Palestinians living in these areas remain contentious issues.
  5. Peace Process:
    • Multiple attempts have been made to broker peace between Israelis and Palestinians, including the Oslo Accords in the 1990s and the Camp David Summit in 2000.
    • These negotiations have had varying degrees of success but have not resulted in a final resolution.
  6. Current Situation:
    • The conflict remains a major source of tension in the Middle East, with ongoing violence and political disputes.
    • Humanitarian issues, such as access to basic services and rights, are of concern, especially for Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

Efforts to resolve the Israel-Palestine conflict continue, but it remains a deeply complex and deeply entrenched issue. A two-state solution, with Israel and a Palestinian state living side by side in peace, has been a commonly proposed solution, but the path to achieving this remains challenging due to historical grievances, security concerns, and the status of Jerusalem, among other factors.

Amendment in Municipal, PR Acts for providing reservation to OBCs

JAMMU, Oct 11: The Government has proposed an amendment in Jammu and Kashmir Municipal Corporation, Municipalities and Panchayati Raj Acts to provide reservation to Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and Panchayats. Elections to the two bodies will be held only after providing reservation to the OBCs. Officials confirmed to the Excelsior that process for conduct of Municipal and Panchayat elections hasn’t been halted and will resume once the Acts to provide reservation to OBCs in both the bodies are amended.

However, the reservation roster will have to be prepared afresh for both the bodies as presently only Women, Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are entitled to the quota in Municipalities and Panchayats. While women have been provided 33 percent reservation in Municipalities and Panchayats, SCs and STs get quota based on their population in the two bodies.

Similar process is likely to be followed for granting reservation to OBCs, the officials said, adding the reservation for OBCs may come around 10 percent. Pointing out that many States and Union Territories have already given reservation to OBCs in Local Body elections, the officials said such a reservation was missing in Jammu and Kashmir. “The Election Authorities received large number of objections to denial of reservation to OBCs in Municipalities and Panchayats. The Government of J&K also got many representations to this effect,” the officials said, adding it has now been decided that the OBCs will get reservation in Municipalities and Panchayats. And, for the purpose, an amendment will be carried out in Jammu and Kashmir Municipal Corporations, Jammu and Kashmir Municipalities and Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Acts. Only Women enjoy specific 33 percent reservation in Municipalities and Panchayats. Within 33 percent, reservation has also been given to SC Women and ST Women.

Similarly, when OBCs are given reservation, a sub-category of OBC-Women will also be generated, the officials said. They said the process for conduct of Urban Local Bodies and Panchayat elections hasn’t been abandoned but the Government will wait for amendment in the Act granting reservation to OBCs and thereafter rotating the reservation roster by taking out the exercise for reservation of Wards in Municipalities and Sarpanch and Panch constituencies in Panchayats afresh.

However, terms of Municipal Corporations of Jammu and Srinagar as well as other Municipal Councils and Committees across Jammu and Kashmir are scheduled to expire by the end of October or start of November and they will cease to exist. Similarly, terms of Panchayats will end on January 7 next year. Both Urban and Rural Local Bodies will come into effect once again after the elections are conducted to them. Polls to all Municipalities in Jammu and Kashmir were held in October 2018 after a gap of 13 years while elections to Panchayats were conducted in November and December 2018 after decades.

Meanwhile, Summary Revision for Parliament electoral rolls has been initiated by the Election Commission of India in Jammu and Kashmir. As per the schedule, draft electoral rolls will be published on October 27. The voters can file claims and objections till December 9 to the draft rolls. Final voter lists will be published on January 5, 2024. This will be third Summary Revision of electoral rolls in Jammu and Kashmir after completion of delimitation exercise for Assembly elections. First such exercise was ordered after Delimitation Commission report was notified and final electoral rolls were published on November 25, 2022. Another Summary Revision was ordered on March 24, 2023 and final rolls were published on May 25, 2023. Jammu and Kashmir has almost 85 lakh electorates.

The Election Authority had undertaken separate revision for electoral rolls for Municipalities while such an exercise for Panchayat polls was scheduled to be completed on October 10

Odisha train accident news

Collision between 3 Trains at Balasore Odisha

On June 2nd, a devastating train accident occurred in Balasore district of Odisha, resulting in the tragic loss of at least 233 lives and leaving more than 900 people injured. The catastrophe unfolded around 7 pm when two coaches of the Yashwantpur-Howrah Express derailed near Bahanaga Railway station. These derailed coaches then collided with the oncoming Coromandal Express, causing further destruction. India has a history of rail safety issues, with derailments being the primary cause of accidents.

Past history of train accidents in India.

Between 2018 and 2021, seven out of ten railway accidents were due to derailments, according to a Comptroller and Auditor General report. Factors contributing to these derailments include faults in tracks, maintenance issues, operating errors, and human errors such as driver or signalman mistakes. To prevent similar incidents from happening again, several measures can be taken. First, understanding the hazard/risk occurrence life cycle is crucial. Second, ensuring risk controls address root causes, if possible, can help mitigate future accidents. Third, stress testing risk controls with emergency drills can prepare personnel for potential emergencies. Fourth, regularly reviewing and inspecting risk controls can ensure their effectiveness. Additionally, the Indian Railways needs to allocate more funds towards safety and infrastructure upgrades, including replacing outdated carriages, building new tracks, and renewing old ones.

rescue work in progress at balasore odisha

Future course of action.

Experts also suggest reducing the utilization of capacity to 60-70% to ensure a more optimal and safer system. Furthermore, adequate time should be provided for routine maintenance of tracks, and efforts should be made to address rail fractures caused by extreme weather conditions. By implementing these measures and prioritizing safety, it is hoped that future train accidents can be prevented, saving countless lives and reducing the economic impact of such tragedies.

how many casualties?



A Celebration of Sustainable Transportation World Bicycle Day, celebrated annually on June 3rd, is an international observance recognized by the United Nations (UN) to promote the benefits of cycling and raise awareness about the importance of bicycles as a sustainable mode of transportation.


Established by the UN General Assembly in 2018, this day highlights the bicycle’s potential to contribute to sustainable development, reduce pollution, and improve physical and mental health.


The bicycle has a long and fascinating history, transforming societies by providing even the poorest people with access to transport services. As a simple, affordable, reliable, clean, and environmentally fit means of transport, bicycles play a crucial role in promoting sustainability. By not using any gas, bikes don’t release harmful emissions that pollute the atmosphere, nor any carbon dioxide that contributes to climate change. Moderate increases in bicycle use each year could save an estimated 6 to 14 million tons of CO2. Celebrating World Bicycle Day serves as a reminder of the bicycle’s potential to address global problems such as climate change and public health. The celebration encourages individuals to consider cycling as an alternative mode of transportation, particularly for shorter distances. This helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, tackle the climate crisis, and improve overall health and fitness.


Various initiatives have been taken to recognize and celebrate World Bicycle Day. The General Assembly welcomed initiatives to organize bicycle rides at the national and local levels as a means of strengthening physical and mental health and well-being and developing a culture of cycling in society. Activities you can do on World Bicycle Day include going for a bike ride, hosting a bike-themed party, or learning about the history of the bicycle. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), physical activity has multiplicative health, social, and economic benefits, and investment in policy actions to increase physical activity can contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Policies promoting physical activity through walking, cycling, sport, active recreation, and play support 13 of the SDGs. In conclusion, World Bicycle Day is a significant event that highlights the importance of cycling as one of the cleanest, most economical, and most sustainable modes of transportation. By celebrating this day, we can help limit climate change, promote sustainable transportation, and improve public health.